Curriculum

Statutory Word Lists

The Department for Education (DfE) has provided word lists for the pupils from Year 3 to Year 6. Please click on the links below to access them.

You can also find a copy of the '100 High Frequency Words' and the 'Next 200 High Frequency Words' lists which are used in Key Stage 1. By the beginning of Year 3 all children should be able to spell the words on these lists.  

What are high frequency words (HFW)?

High frequency words are quite simply those words which occur most frequently in written material, for example, "and", "the", "as" and "it". They are often words that have little meaning on their own, but they do contribute a great deal to the meaning of a sentence. Some of the high frequency words can be sounded out using basic phonic rules, e.g. "it" is an easy word to read using phonics. However, many of these words are not phonically regular and are therefore hard to read in the early stages. These words are sometimes called tricky words, sight words or camera words. In addition to being difficult to sound out, most of the high frequency words have a rather abstract meaning which is hard to explain to a child. It is easy to learn words like "cat" and "house" because they can easily be related to a real object or picture, but how do you represent the word "the" or "of"?

Why learn high frequency words?

Learning 100 high frequency words gives a beginner reader access to 50% of virtually any text, whether a children's book or a newspaper report. When you couple immediate recognition of the high frequency word sight words with a good knowledge of basic phonics, that is when a child's reading can really take off.

First 100 High Frequency Word list

Next 200 High Frequency Word List

Y3/Y4 Statutory Word List

Y5/Y6 Statutory Word List